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Space - Time ( or Spacetime ) Fabric
( Or What Exactly is It? )

"Mathematical reasoning may be regarded rather schematically as the exercise of a combination of two facilities, which we may call intuition and ingenuity" - by Alan Turing ( 1912 - 1954 )

1). In Special Relativity Physics:

( no gravity )

The universal constant speed of light in pure vacuum, interstellar outer space dictates, as a function of a body's velocity relative to , the ( geo ) metric length of a unit rod for measuring all other space - distances. And, the pace of any clock progression ( or the "light doppler effect" ) operationally defines the meaning of time. Both of these concepts of 'space' and 'time' are brought together in the unified concept of "space - time ( or spacetime ) fabric" as mathematically revealed by the FitzGerald - Lorentz Transformation Equations:

2). In General Relativity Physics:

( gravity )

Both the ( geo ) metric unit rod lengths for measuring all other space - distances and the unsteady progression of clocks are warped by gravity's varying fields of force. This physical phenomenon again constitutes the concept of "space - time ( or spacetime ) fabric" from spacetime point - to - spacetime point as mathematically revealed by Einstein's ( EFE ) Gravitational Field Equation:


Now, in any given amount of volume of space, a "unit" rod of measure, which defines the metric for space, will differ from some other "unit" measuring rod as set against the universally constant speed of light taken in whatever arbitrary volume of space is given, while also remembering that a beam of light itself ( i.e., lightsecond, lightyear, etc. ) measures distances between event - points in space.

However, the relations of distances taken in any given amount of volume of space between "unit" measuring rods traveling at different relative velocities to one another as given by

outline the undulations ( dilations & contractions ) of space ( spacetime ) "fabric", to use this commonly accepted latter metaphor for cloth!

So, therefore, not only does each event - point in space possess a unique progression rate of clock - time but, also, space ( spacetime ) itself when objectively viewed from different relative event - points of view and depending upon relative velocities and energy fields of accelerating gravity, will dilate ( expand ) and contract as demonstrated by "unit" rods of measure, thus forming a sort of metaphorical fabric cloth of spacetime.

In other words, what relates each of these unit measuring rods to one another are the very same Special Relativity equations for length dilations and contractions as already given:

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